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Naked mole rat found to defy Gompertz’s mortality law

January 30, 2018 by Bob Yirka,

A team of researchers at Google-owned Calico Life Sciences LLC has found that the naked mole rat defies Gompertz’s mortality law. In their paper published in eLife, the group describes their study of the unusual-looking rodent and describe some of its unusual traits.

Naked mole rats are very nearly hairless. They evolved that way by living in a harsh underground environment. They are also almost ectothermic (cold blooded). And now, it seems they do not age—at least in the traditional sense. Reports of long-lived mole rats prompted the team at Calico to take a closer look—they have a specimen in their lab that has lived to be 35 years old. Most “normal” rats, in comparison, live to be just six years old, and they age as they do so.

Naked mole rats also have some other interesting biological features—they very rarely develop cancer, they experience very little pain and they have been found able to survive without oxygen for up to 18 minutes by going into a plant-like vegetative state. Also, they never reach menopause, and can have offspring right up until their death—and their hearts and bones never show signs of aging. But it was their longevity that was the focus of this new effort.

The team collected what they describe as 3,000 points of data regarding the lifespan of the , and found that many had lived for 30 years. But perhaps more surprisingly, they found that the chance of dying for the mole rats did not increase as they aged. All other mammals that have been studied have been found to conform to what is known as Gompertz’s mortality law, which states that the risk of death for a typical mammal grows exponentially after they reach sexual maturity—for humans, that means the odds of dying double every eight years after reaching age 30. This, the researchers claim, suggests that mole rats do not age—at least in the conventional sense. They do eventually die, after all.

The research team concludes by suggesting that a lot more work needs to be done with naked mole rats to find out if they are aging, but are doing so very slowly. Most captive , they note, are killed for research purposes, so there is little good data on how long they actually live.

Explore further: Naked mole-rats turn into plants when oxygen is low

More information: J Graham Ruby et al. Naked mole-rat mortality rates defy Gompertzian laws by not increasing with age, eLife (2018). DOI: 10.7554/eLife.31157

The longest-lived rodent, the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber), has a reported maximum lifespan of >30 years and exhibits delayed and/or attenuated age-associated physiological declines. We questioned whether these mouse-sized, eusocial rodents conform to Gompertzian mortality laws by experiencing an exponentially increasing risk of death as they get older. We compiled and analyzed a large compendium of historical naked mole-rat lifespan data with >3000 data points. Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed a substantial portion of the population to have survived at 30 years of age. Moreover, unlike all other mammals studied to date, and regardless of sex or breeding-status, the age-specific hazard of mortality did not increase with age, even at ages 25-fold past their time to reproductive maturity. This absence of hazard increase with age, in defiance of Gompertz’s law, uniquely identifies the naked mole-rat as a non-aging mammal, confirming its status as an exceptional model for biogerontology.

Journal reference: eLife search and more info website

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Think about this: UFOs and aliens have been appearing on Earth for thousands of years.  If the dead hairless asexual aliens (probably clones) depicted in morgue photos had a similar biological nature, they could hibernate for dozens or hundreds of years, not have to remain at mammal temperatures, not age even when actively alive, and conduct their ‘research’ millennium after millennium.  Now that we know that such a physiology is possible, new scenarios become not only conceivable but also possible.

At end of Ice Age, 10% of land surface burned (meteor fireballs)

On a ho-hum day some 12,800 years ago, the Earth had emerged from another ice age. Things were warming up, and the glaciers had retreated.

Out of nowhere, the sky was lit with fireballs. This was followed by shock waves.

Fires rushed across the landscape, and dust clogged the sky, cutting off the sunlight. As the climate rapidly cooled, plants died, food sources were snuffed out, and the glaciers advanced again. Ocean currents shifted, setting the climate into a colder, almost “ice age” state that lasted an additional thousand years.

Finally, the climate began to warm again, and people again emerged into a world with fewer large animals and a human culture in North America that left behind completely different kinds of spear points.

This is the story supported by a massive study of geochemical and isotopic markers just published in the Journal of Geology.

The results are so massive that the study had to be split into two papers.

“Extraordinary Biomass-Burning Episode and Impact Winter Triggered by the Younger Dryas Cosmic Cosmic Impact ~12,800 Years Ago” is divided into “Part I: Ice Cores and Glaciers” and “Part 2: Lake, Marine, and Terrestrial Sediments.”

The paper’s 24 authors include KU Emeritus Professor of Physics & Astronomy Adrian Melott and Professor Brian Thomas, a 2005 doctoral graduate from KU, now at Washburn University.

“The work includes measurements made at more than 170 different sites across the world,” Melott said.

The KU researcher and his colleagues believe the data suggests the disaster was touched off when Earth collided with fragments of a disintegrating comet that was roughly 62 miles in diameter—the remnants of which persist within our solar system to this day.

“The hypothesis is that a large comet fragmented and the chunks impacted the Earth, causing this disaster,” said Melott. “A number of different chemical signatures—carbon dioxide, nitrate, ammonia and others—all seem to indicate that an astonishing 10 percent of the Earth’s land surface, or about 10 million square kilometers, was consumed by fires.”

According to Melott, analysis of pollen suggests pine forests were probably burned off to be replaced by poplar, which is a species that colonizes cleared areas.

Indeed, the authors posit the could have touched off the Younger Dryas cool episode, biomass burning, late Pleistocene extinctions of larger species and “human cultural shifts and population declines.”

“Computations suggest that the would have depleted the ozone layer, causing increases in skin cancer and other ,” Melott said. “The impact hypothesis is still a hypothesis, but this study provides a massive amount of evidence, which we argue can only be all explained by a major cosmic impact.”

Explore further: Kansas scientists probe mysterious possible comet strikes on Earth

More information: Wendy S. Wolbach et al, Extraordinary Biomass-Burning Episode and Impact Winter Triggered by the Younger Dryas Cosmic Impact ∼12,800 Years Ago. 1. Ice Cores and Glaciers, The Journal of Geology (2018). DOI: 10.1086/695703

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Earliest Human Remains Outside Africa Discovered in Israel

For decades, scientists have speculated about when exactly the bipedal apes known as Homo sapiens left Africa and moved out to conquer the world. That moment, after all, was a crucial step on the way to today’s human-dominated world. For many years, the consensus view among archaeologists placed the exodus at 60,000 years ago—some 150,000 years after the hominins first appeared.

But now, researchers in Israel have found a remarkably preserved jawbone they believe belongs to a Homo sapiens that was much, much older. The find, which they’ve dated to somewhere between 177,000 and 194,000 years, provides the most convincing proof yet that the old view of human migration needs some serious re-examination.

The new research, published today in Science, builds on earlier evidence from other caves in the region that housed the bones of humans from 90,000 to 120,000 years ago. But this new discovery goes one step further: if verified, it would require reevaluating the whole history of human evolution—and possibly pushing it back by several hundred thousand years.

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How Europeans “Evolved White Skin Theory” Thrown Out

March 23, 2016

NEW FINDING: How European evolved white skin theory has been thrown out! A new genetic analysis of an ancient European hunter-gatherer man has revealed that he had dark skin and blazing blue eyes which have lead scientist to rethink how white skin evolved. The new analysis of that DNA now shows the man had the gene mutation for blue eyes, but not the European mutations for lighter skin – and since the man, who lived in modern-day Spain only about 7,000 years ago, may mean that light-skin genes in Europeans evolved much more recently than previously thought.
The experts were astonished to find a combination of African and European genes in the ancient caveman, and they christened him La Brana 1. Scientists studied the hunter gatherer’s DNA after they found his frozen skeleton buried in a subterranean cave in Cantabria in northern Spain.

Nature – the journal – published the study which suggests that light skin evolved not to adjust to the lower-light conditions in Europe compared with Africa, but instead to the new diet that emerged after the agricultural revolution. “It was assumed that the lighter skin was something needed in high latitudes, to synthesize vitamin D in places where UV light is lower than in the tropics,” says co-author Carles Lalueza-Fox, a paleogenomics researcher at Pompeu Fabra University in Spain.

“What seems likely, then, is that the dietary changes accompanying the so-called Neolithic revolution, or the transition from food collection to food production, might have caused, or contributed to cause, this change,” said Guido Barbujani, president of the Associazione Genetica Italiana in Ferrara, Italy. In this food-production theory, the cereal-rich diet of Neolithic farmers lacked vitamin D, so Europeans rapidly lost their dark-skin pigmentation only once they switched to agriculture.  It was at this point that they had to synthesize vitamin D from the sun more readily.

In the food-production theory, the cereal-rich diet of Neolithic farmers lacked vitamin D, so Europeans rapidly lost their dark-skin pigmentation only once they switched to agriculture because it was only at that point that they had to synthesize vitamin D from the sun more readily.

Another study presented at the 84th annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists offered dramatic evidence of recent evolution in Europe and shows that most modern Europeans don’t look much like those of 8000 years ago. So while most of us think of Europe as the ancestral home of white people the study shows that pale skin, as well as other traits such as tallness and the ability to digest milk as adults, arrived in most of the continent relatively recently.

Other highlights:

  • The modern humans who came out of Africa to originally settle Europe about 40,000 years are presumed to have had dark skin, which is advantageous in sunny latitudes. And the new data confirm that about 8500 years ago, early hunter-gatherers in Spain, Luxembourg, and Hungary also had darker skin: They lacked versions of two genes—SLC24A5 and SLC45A2—that lead to depigmentation and, therefore, pale skin in Europeans today.
  • But in the far north—where low light levels would favor pale skin—the team found a different picture in hunter-gatherers: Seven people from the 7700-year-old Motala archaeological site in southern Sweden had both light skin gene variants, SLC24A5 and SLC45A2. They also had a third gene, HERC2/OCA2, which causes blue eyes and may also contribute to light skin and blond hair. Thus ancient hunter-gatherers of the far north were already pale and blue-eyed, but those of central and southern Europe had darker skin.
  • Then, the first farmers from the Near East arrived in Europe; they carried both genes for light skin. As they interbred with the indigenous hunter-gatherers, one of their light-skin genes swept through Europe, so that central and southern Europeans also began to have lighter skin. The other gene variant, SLC45A2, was at low levels until about 5800 years ago when it swept up to high frequency.

Five Variations of the Species “Humans”

by Sam Sewell

As human beings advance on the evolutionary scale, they learn how to transcend their lower, biologically driven influences. It would come as a surprise to most people to discover that there are actually five identifiable humanoid species still cohabitating on our planet.
1.) The most primitive humanoid species coexisting on Earth today is Homo neanderthalensis. This scientifically identified species is the result of cross-breeding between Homo sapiens and the now extinct Neanderthals.
Homo neanderthalensis physically resemble Neanderthals, with slightly more modern facial features. The hybrid Homo neanderthalensis are prone to be directed by their lower nature; instincts influence their conduct much more than intellect. Their behavioral patterns are more obviously determined by mating instincts and impulsive reactions to conflict.

When I gave this information to a male friend of mine, he responded “I’ve dated a few of those!” whereupon his sister replied “Sounds like my ex-husband!
Highly sexed people of both genders share this dominant, lower urge, which is apparent in this more primitive, humanoid sub-species.

2.) The next evolutionary advancement is Homo sapien. Their behavior is about evenly divided between intellect and instinct. They are heavily influenced by mating and conflict instincts, but they can be trained to intelligently manage their mating behaviors and their violence. The training is done by adult parents, cultural institutions, and the necessary structure implicit in law enforcement.

Homo sapien children exhibit most of the primitive behavior attributed to lower species: they bite, they hit, they throw tantrums, they have extreme emotional outbursts, and they need to be trained for as much as twenty years or more before they exhibit the kind of behavior usually associated with adult Homo sapiens.

Adolescent Homo sapiens frequently exhibit unbridled sexual behavior. The instinctually driven behavior of this species results in racial prejudice, sexism, many forms of mental illness, rape, sexual misconduct, crime, violence and even the initiation of wars.

3.) The next advancement has not yet been named by traditional science, however some anthropologists, paleontologists and biologists have observed and written about the more advanced traits of this group, which I will take the liberty of calling Homo noeticus (no•et•ic: From the Greek noēsis / noētikos, meaning inner wisdom, direct knowing, or subjective understanding.)
They are more influenced by the evolution of consciousness, than by biological evolution.
They naturally tend to react to their world via their volitional intellect, rather than being dominated by their physical desires, but they have not yet fully transcended their instinctually driven influences.
Under stress, they are still likely to revert to their lower-nature instincts. Homo noeticus would describe the species that appeared on our planet about 40,000 years ago.
The primary virtue of the Homo noeticus is that they have advanced to the point of exhibiting respect and affection toward all other humanoid entities. However, they will conduct defensive strategies to protect themselves from the humanoids of a lower nature.

Sexual aggression would be exhibited only rarely in the mannerisms of Homo-noetics. Their advanced, collective human consciousness is what French paleontologist and Jesuit priest Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (who also discovered the famous Peking Man) called the “noosphere.” The noosphere is a postulated stage, or sphere of evolutionary development which is dominated by consciousness, the mind, and successful interpersonal relationships.

4.) The next human advancement, which I have also taken the liberty of naming, we call Homo spiritualis. These humanoids are more connected to cosmic consciousness and their intellects, than they are to their base instincts.

5.) The highest advancement that has been identified I call Homo transcendent. These humanoids are no longer burdened by biologically-driven reactions to their environment. Their higher nature has mostly elevated their responses beyond their instinctual biology.
Hindus call this state of advancement Sanatana dharma.
Buddhists call them Bodhisattvas; those who are able to reach nirvana, but delay doing so out of compassion in order to save suffering beings.

The Statement of Chemistry on the Origin of Life

The Statement of Chemistry on the Origin of Life –American Thinker

In his August 1954, Scientific American article, “The Origin of Life,” Nobel Prize winning Harvard Biologist George Wald stated,

“One only has to contemplate the magnitude of this task to concede that the spontaneous generation of a living organism is impossible. Yet here we are as a result, I believe, of spontaneous generation.”

What is “the magnitude of this task” that reasonably renders a natural origin of life “impossible?” Dr. Wald states,

“In the vast majority of processes in which we are interested the point of equilibrium lies far over toward the side of dissolution. That is to say, spontaneous dissolution is much more probable, and hence proceeds much more rapidly, than spontaneous synthesis.”

The processes of interest include building proteins, DNA, RNA, and lipids. Nature does not engage in the “processes” of building these life-essential molecules (synthesis); Nature, rather, dismantles them (dissolution), if they exist at all.

Why? Nature inexorably proceeds towards “equilibrium” (Chemical Equilibrium), the most stable state. For example, the most stable state for amino acids in Nature is individual amino acids, not proteins.

Building a protein, DNA, RNA, or lipid is an endothermic reaction, which is a reaction that requires an input of energy which will remain with the compound (until Nature takes it apart), plus an activation energy to cause the individual parts to combine. Over-simplifying, the reverse reaction, the destruction of the compound, dissolution, requires only the activation energy which is less energy than required for building, synthesizing, the compound. The dissolution, the destruction of the compound, releases the inherent energy in the compound and is termed an “exothermic” reaction. Nature prefers exothermic reactions, which for the life-essential compounds noted is destruction, not construction. Nature does not construct proteins, DNA, RNA, or lipids.

Dr. Wald further states,

“How do present-day organisms manage to synthesize organic compounds against the forces of dissolution? They do so by a continuous expenditure of energy. … A living organism is an intricate machine for performing exactly that function. … What we ask here is to synthesize organic molecules without such a machine. … it calls for phenomena and forces … some probably yet to be discovered.”

The “phenomena and forces” have not been discovered. The operating principle, Chemical Equilibrium, the foundation of Chemistry, the inexorable progress towards stability, towards death rather than life, will not be overcome, to any useful extent, by natural “phenomena and forces”, ever, in this Universe. That principle, Chemical Equilibrium, the principle upon which Nature’s Chemistry operates is absolute. What is required is an “intricate machine,” a living cell, in a very controlled environment, which uses energy with exceptional precision and design, to build rather than destroy — which is Nature’s direction. A living cell is incredibly complex, “intricate,” and all parts of the cell have to be in place simultaneously or it will not function at all; in fact, Nature will destroy any partial cell (which Nature could never construct at all). The term “simple cell” is the greatest oxymoron in the English language

Dr. Wald proffers probability as a possible solution (“yet … I believe,” because given enough time, Wald speculated, anything can happen), but time is not the savior; time leads to equilibrium, to dissolution, not to “anything,” at least in this Universe. And, if Chemical Equilibrium could be overcome, naturally, where probability would then be relevant, the incomprehensible number of compounds which could be formed could never be sorted, selected to construct anything useful. Both Chemical Equilibrium and probability are absolute blocks to life.

The problem is not what we don’t know; the problem, now revealed by microbiology, is what we do know.

“We now know not only of the existence of a break between the living and non-living world, but also that it represents the most dramatic and fundamental of all of the discontinuities of nature. Between a living cell and the most highly ordered non-biological system, such as a crystal or a snow flake, there is a chasm as vast and absolute as it is possible to conceive.” Michael Denton, Evolution, A Theory in Crisis, p. 249,250, 1985.

Science, specifically, Astronomy, origin of life research via chemistry, Biology, microbiology, the present ability to assess the efficacy of random mutation, Geology, Informatics, and Probability all lead to the conclusion that a designer was necessary.

The designer? Having reviewed the philosophies and religions of the world, the support for the different persuasions and the questions, there is no doubt in my mind that the Designer is the Person revealed in the pages of the Bible.

The statement of Chemistry is that “Life is not a natural phenomenon.”
That statement is absolute.

(Very readable) Sources for understanding the issues: (Excellent source for understanding the issues on origin of life and evolution.)

Darwin’s Black Box, The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution, Michael Behe, 1996. (This book addresses the complexity of and route to a molecular machine among the staggering collection of molecular machines comprising the ultimate biological molecular machine, a living cell.)

The Edge of Evolution, The Search for the Limits of Darwinism, Michael Behe, 2008. (It is assumed by Darwinists that random mutation of the genome is an effective mechanism to produce what we see in the fossil record. Given our recent ability to sequence the genomes of organisms, that assumption can now be directly addressed.)

Dr. Michael Behe’s responses to his critics (on the web) are also a very informative source of information and perspective.

Evolution, A Theory in Crisis, Michael Denton, 1985. (This will be current material for many more decades. Dr. Denton applies science to assess the data on the origin of life and its subsequent development.)

Programming of Life, Donald E. Johnson, 2010. (Ever write a computer program? Information is another absolute roadblock to a natural origin of life.)  (Excellent source on astronomy, geology, the Earth’s formation, as well as origin of life and evolution.)

Genesis, The Scientific Quest for Life’s Origin, Robert M. Hazen, 2005. (Dr. Hazen, believes in a natural origin of life. This is an excellent book which goes into some detail about the scientific experiments which attempt to address natural origin-of-life issues. After reading it carefully, I wondered if the eminent researchers were listening to what science, chemistry was revealing, and I wondered that none of them named the common underlying problem, Chemical Equilibrium.)


Entrenched “out of Africa” theory disproven!

Three Strikes and we are all out of Africa and into Australia

By Steven & Evan Strong
The most recent mtDNA study we stumbled across, is from our perspective the final nail in the coffin of the Out-of-Africa theory. Once, twice and a third time over, separate genetic studies of Homo sapien sapiens, dingoes and now song birds, stand united in ascribing the same place of origin: Australia.

The genetic facts in these equations are incontestable, the distinctive and unique nature of the mitochondrial DNA of both the dingo and Mungo Man (WLH 3) cannot be matched to any like species on this planet.


In 1991 mtDNA was extracted from the bones of Mungo Man (WLH3). Agreed to be the oldest Homo sapien sapien yet found in Australia and dated by Alan Thorne to be over 60,000 years old, his internal genetic code should reek of African ancestry. Theoretically, the African castaways who first got to Australia around 50-60,000 years ago would have barely set up camp on a beach thousands of kilometres to the north, but here they were fully settled by a lake system positioned well to the south and a thousand kilometres from any coast. In what is as unexpected as it is inconvenient, a comparison of Mungo Man’s mitochondrial DNA to every other hominid and primate past and present, came up empty. The lack of connection to any person, ape or monkey presented a real problem for the researchers who responded in the only way they could, declaring the sample to be “an extinct gene.”(1) Rather than choosing a description like ‘separate,’ ‘different,’ ‘older,’ or ‘ancestral,’ the idea it is a long lost off-shoot or some form of mutation is self-serving in dismissing Mungo Man as part of an irrelevant genetic cul-de-sac. The real possibility that Mungo Man is not African, nor are any other Original people, is a far less appealing path for mainstream academia to embark.

So too this year’s genetic research investigating the make-up of the dingo found the same lack of connection to any other species or location on the planet outside Australia. After extensive research by a team of Australian geneticists, they were quick to concede that the genes of the dingo are markedly different from all other dogs and wolves found everywhere else. They are adamant that the dingo did not descend from any canine in Southern India or any other location. In the simplest terms the dingo is genetically unique and separate and its ancestry is now unknown. Regrettably but predictably, there is no prospect of further research in solving this genetic impasse. The whole result was unforseen and from the perspective of the academics in research it just doesn’t make sense, and when that happens it easier to walk away and look the other way.

These observations are not opinions but agreed facts, the problem is that what follows is far less digestible. What is as real as it was lamentable is the researchers’ narrow focus in being unable to appreciate all the implications and avenues of research beginning to unfold. The logic lost in transmission is as simple as it is compelling: if the dingo and the oldest modern human found in Australia are genetically unique and cannot be genetically linked to any dog, wolf, human, hominid or primate that ever lived on this planet, they are neither related to others of their type nor do they share a common ancestry.

Bad Science and Lazy Thinking

The insurmountable problem these genetic studies creates is obvious, if both Australian dingo and human are unique, the question that demands to be answered relates to how can it be that there is common belief that Original Australians came from Africa and the ancestor of the dingo lived in Southern India? What is puzzling is that despite the imposing evidence to the contrary, every text, university and lecturer will earnestly claim that the Out-of-Africa theory is an unquestionable fact. Equally, from the same department their books assure us that all dogs, canines and wolves share the same ancestry, but that is not true in the dingoes’ case. All of this smells like bad science and lazy thinking, but it gets worse, there are birds in the air to reconsider and reposition.

In what only highlights the inability of mainstream academia to respond with an open mind and clear vision, yet another mtDNA study of a different species, song birds, came to the same conclusion and continent.

Singing up the Wrong Tree

The Australian researcher who has rewritten so much on the history of birds, entered the field when the prevailing belief that Australia had ‘second-hand bird fauna’ was regarded as a sacrosanct truth. Professor Les Christidis (director of Southern Cross University’s National Marine Science Centre) has impeccable credentials, and we sincerely doubt there is a person more qualified to embark on such a massive study. He has a Bachelor of Science with honours in zoology and genetics (University of Melbourne), a PhD in population and evolutionary genetics (ANU), senior co-author of Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds, co-editor of the Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, and so the list of his achievements continue.

In what is a touch ironic Professor Christidis was a reluctant passenger when it came to birds of any type, and was not an avid bird watcher. From the age of seven he harboured a strong passion to become a zoologist and held no interest in birds, what really captured his attention were mammals. By default he was born in a continent inhabited by marsupials, bats and rodents, and to begin with became interested in the genetics of insects.

It was only while working on insects did Les Christidis realise there was virtually no research being done on birds in Australia. With such a vacuum seen not as an academic black-hole but an opportunity, pragmatism stepped in as he realised that there was an opportunity to become an expert in bird genetics. When first venturing into this academic field, it was blighted by the same narrow focus that taints so much Original archaeology in Australia, that we are merely recipients from abroad. It was assumed that this continent was a global backwater, a place of second-hand birds, dingoes and hominids, somewhat of an afterthought to real action taking place everywhere else on the planet.

When Christidis first suggested that “nightingales, mockingbirds and songbirds around the world originated in Australia then populated the rest of the globe”(2) during “the late 1980s”(3) it was considered “ludicrous.”(4) “When we first suggested this … we got laughed at … Australia doesn’t have that many birds relative to the rest of the world, so how can it be the centre of everything? It turns out that lowly Australia is the centre. Australia can lay claim to songbirds without a shadow of a doubt.”(5)


As Professor Christidis started to analyse the real science, as opposed to comfortable assumptions, he too found everything was back-the-front. Australia was never a passive recipient but a major global provider. “Up until the last four or five years it’s always been thought that the passerine birds originated in the northern hemisphere and spread south and that’s been the gospel for the last 200 years.”(6)

“The Gospel”(7) Versus Good Science

For daring to suggest a species evolved in Australia first, Les Christidis was attacked by many academic quarters and for quite some time no accepted journal would go near him or his research. This sounds so familiar and is the same decidedly hostile path we are also trying to navigate. As expected such a revolutionary theory gained very little traction and was “mocked by the scientific community.”(8) After receiving a not so “friendly response”(9) the criticism was certainly ramped up in vitriol, so much so that they did concede thinking “let’s not pursue it anymore because you know, life’s too short to have to constantly be ridiculed on these things.”(10) Fortunately good science did prevail over bad manners and we noted that with further genetic research in collaboration with European researchers, they eventually confirmed their initial findings. With the tick gained abroad, as is so often the case, all Australian academics then fell into line.

What is rather ironic and symptomatic of the conservative academic climate is that which was vigorously denied by the experts then, is now accepted “without a shadow of a doubt”(11) as a scientific truth. But to begin with this latter-day fact was regarded as a ridiculous proposition, and a permanent reminder of the intellectual apathy that reigned at the time and how quickly people in control never learn from the errors.

In our experience this predisposition towards labelling anything new as “ludicrous”(12) is actually a collective aversion towards questioning evidence inconvenient or unfamiliar. But as things stood, in Australia in 1986 this country was assumed to be a land of ‘second-hand’ birds, a place where one species of what is now categorised a non-dog/wolf was thought to be a younger off-shot of a dog from Southern India, and a continent who were populated by a people who came from Africa. Even though the mtDNA extracted from the oldest Original person (Lake Mungo Man) has no relationship to any African and was deemed to be an “extinct gene,”(13) nothing really changes in the corridors of …

The Original Verdict

As is our custom and preference, we always seek Original guidance when dealing with any aspect of Lore and ancient Australian history, there is no other course available. But in going back to the very beginning, first hand witness accounts are sparse on the ground, and under these conditions near enough will suffice. There is an account found in A. W. Reed’s book Aboriginal (sic) Myths, Legends & Fables which provides an exceptional overview as to the interconnectedness of dingo, human, bird and all creations, and the place from which all forms of creation originated.

In a Dreaming story, The Making of Mankind, which is essentially about “how the world began and was populated with animal life,”(14) the Creation Spirit Biamie “was entrusted the task of forming and caring for animal life.”(15) This was first occurring in Australia, but Biamie’s task was “lacking.”(16) The missing ingredient to complete what he set out to do was “the form and intelligence of man.”(17)

At this point the narrative gets decidedly genetic, but leaving that aside, there is an underlying message of an eternal inter-species connection that seems long forgotten in today’s race forward. Adamant this genesis took place in the land where Original people always inhabited since the beginning, the Original Creation Spirit had all but completed his plan of life. “When at last the experiments were complete. Baiame gathered birds, animals, and insects together in a cave. Baiame and Yhi acted in concert, plucking what may be described as the incubated fragments of the spirit of man from their animal hosts, amalgamating them into one cohesive whole. The animals looked on in astonishment. The longings and aspirations that belong to man alone were lost to them forever. Content with their nature …”(18)

This Dreaming story is as much about the origins of so many life-forms as it is a cautionary tale about the “desires”(19) and “pride”(20) purged from all of Biamie’s creations bar one, Homo sapien sapiens. Central to this account of creation, is that there is an inherent connection that binds all forms of life and that it all begins here.

The White-fella Verdict

So once again another avenue of research in Australia into an area of genetics that was assumed to be fact, has been found fundamentally flawed and wrong. It would seem that the rest of the world has ‘second-hand’ sapiens, song birds and dogs. Feather, fur or skin, in each case their origin lay in Australia, simply because the genetics and Original Custodians of the Old Ways will have it no other way.

1. Flood, Josephine, Archaeology of the Dreamtime (Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing, 2004) 7.
2. Skatssoon, Judy, “Earliest songbirds had an Aussie twang”, News In Science, (20/07/2004),
3. Ibid.
4. Ibid.
5. Ibid.
6. Ibid.
7. Ibid.
8. Demasi, Dr Maryanne (Reporter/Prod.), Taylor, Anja (Assoc. Prod/ Researcher.), “Transcript, Story Archive – Songbirds Update”, Catalyst, (01/03/2007),
9. Ibid.
10. Ibid.
11. Ibid.
12. Skatssoon, News In Science.
13. Flood, Archaeology of the Dreamtime, 7.
14. Reed, A.W. Aboriginal Myths, Legends & Fables (Chatswood, Australia: Reed- William Heinemann Australia, 1993) 46.
15. Ibid.
16. Ibid.
17. Ibid.
18. Ibid.
19. Ibid.
20. Ibid.

Roslyn Ross

Ascertaining truth was always hard. It is harder in the past half century and more because academia has taken up the view that opinion is equal to fact. Political correctness abounds and distorts and manipulates data, consciously and unconsciously.


This is what I have always believed. We are not from the one ancestor. We are from several ancestors. We are not all the same species. We are the same genus. We are Homo Africanus, Homo Australis, Homo Sinensis and a lot of others. There is no real proof of the migration, only positive speculation.When are anthropologists going to realise the real story of the Origin of Man. Why are Homo Negris the only “Homo Sapien” to suffer Sickle Cell Anaemia? Why do other ‘species’ have a proclivity to other diseases or tendencies and others are unaffected? Why are Homo Australis prone to addiction and others not?